Moisturizers are the final step in a facial or during
the everyday skin care regimen. They serve to lubricate,
protect, and seal in the body's natural moisture from
harmful elements in the environment, such as the sun, air,
and water. The ideal moisturizer should have the ability to
form an invisible protective shield to retain moisture at a
precise level. Properly moisturized skin will appear supple,
smooth, elastic, and have a healthy, youthful glow.
Types of Moisturizers
- Day Creams - An oil in water emulsion that is
water-soluble. Ingredients such as Collagen and
Hyaluronic Acid are commonly used. It may also
contain botanicals, vitamins and sun
protection. These creams are lighter than night
creams and allow the skin to breathe without
clogging the pores.
- Night Creams - A water in oil emulsion that is not
water-soluble. Plant and biological oils are common
ingredients. These are thicker and heavier
moisturizers than day creams so that they will
nourish and hydrate the skin during sleep. It
usually has a high concentration of super-active
ingredient to penetrate the epidermis.
Selection of a Moisturizer
When you are selecting a moisturizer you should consider
several factors. First, you should look for the
appropriate moisturizer for your skin type. Those with
dry and mature skin will find moisturizers for their
type contain ingredients that foster the skins moisture
content, as well as, repair and return elasticity to the
skin. These moisturizers are not suitable for
oily/unclean and acne types. The appropriate moisturizer
for these types will contain ingredients that will act
as astringents and serve to tighten the pores, while
balancing the skins moisture content.
You should also consider moisturizers that will offer
sun protection if you will be exposed to outside
conditions on a regular or lengthy basis. Moisturizers
with SPF are especially recommended for those who use
glycolics, since skin is more delicate and prone to
damage from resurfacing treatments.
Use of a Moisturizer
After complete cleansing and toning, apply your
moisturizer in a thin layer on the facial and neck
areas. Use gentle upward circular motions to rub into
the skin. If you plan on an application of make-up, it
is recommended that you wait several minutes for the
skin to fully absorb the moisturizer. If there is an
excess after this time (the skin appears to be too shiny
or wet), blot the skin gently with a disposable tissue.
Then apply make-up as usual.